Technical regulation in raising pasture chicken

1. Preparation of rearing conditions:

Prior to raising chickens, it’s need to fully prepare all the material and technical conditions such as:

- Cages, blinds, wind crank, heating appliances, troughs, drinking troughs. All of them must be disinfected before use from 5-7 days.

- Prepare enough food, essential medicines for chickens.

- Ensure airy cage in summer, warm in winter.

- It’s need to ensure the technical regulation of the floor about the height, drainage capability

- bedding material: husks, chips, 5cm -10 cm thick is sprayed disinfectant before use.

- Ensure air circulation in the cage.

- The cages should be built on the high, ventilated ground, toward to the east or southeast to catch the sun and avoid sun light. If fully captive, appropriate densities is 8 Individual /m2 (chickens are raised for meat, raising on the inlaid floor) and 10 individual/m2 (chickens are raised for meat, raising on the foundation)

- If raising pasture chicken, cage is the place to avoid the sun and rain overnight, lowest density is 1individual/m2.

- Cage doors toward the south-east. Inlaid floor made by trellis or knited bamboo with 0,5m height in order to clean easilly, airy and dry.

- Barrier around the garden with B40 mesh, nylon mesh, wood or bamboo ... depend on the conditions of each household. Free the chickens on daytime and keep them in cage at night.
Cage for baby chickens:

- The dimension of the cage is 2m x1m, leg of the cage 0,5m height. It’s enough to raise 100 chickens.

- Use light to warm chickens (2 of 75W light bulbs for 100 chickens)

- 1-3 day-life chickens: scatter brand on the lining in the cage for chickens.

- 4-14 day-life chickens: use trough of baby chicken

- More than 15 day-life chickens: Use hung trough
Water trough:

- Put or hang alternately trough and water trough in the garden. Change the water in it 2-3 times/day.
Sand tank, sand-gravel gutter:

- Chickens are very like sand-bath. It’s should be built tank with sand, cinders and sulphur for pasture chickens. Dimension: 2m long, 1m width, 0,3m high for 40 chickens.

- Use some tank of sand or gravel around chicken pasture place
The perch

The behavior of chickens is sleeping on a high place at night to avoid predators, to keep its feet wet, and to avoid infection. Therefore, you should make a perch in a cage for them.

The perch can be made by bamboo, wood (do not make it by rounded tree because it’s slippery. The distance from the inlaid floor to the ground is about 0,5m, the distance from each inlaid floor is about 0,3-0,4m to reduce the colliding, pecking and stooling to each other.

Nesting places for laying hens should be made at a dark places. One nesting place for 5-10 hens.

Garden for pasture: 1 chicken/1m2

2. Choose varieties

Selective breeding of chicks:

- Choose chicken as evenly as possible in weight.

- Choose those quick, bright eyes, cotton shaggy-feathers, compact belly, fat legs.

- Avoid selecting the chicken with “dry- legs”, crooked mine, bowed legs, exposed navel, saggy belly, vent with sticky wer feathers, saggy-wings, with deep black ring around the navel

Select good laying hens:

- Chicken is chosen not too thin, not too fat, at 1.6 to 1.7 kg at 20 weeks is very good.

- Small head, evenly short mine, crest large, bright red.

- Bright eyes, smooth feathers closed to the body, development of soft belly.

- Fresh pink anus wide and wet.

- The distance between the sternum and pelvis width of 3-4 fingers, width between 2 pelvis approximately 2-3 folded fingers

3. Nourishment and care:

Chicks should be transported in the early morning or evening to avoid the rainy days or tropical depression. Put chicken in the cage, water for drinking should be contained Electrotyle chicken or Vitamin C, only use cooked brocken-rice or immersed brocken-rice, corn for chickens at least 12 hours, feeding similar to 2 days. To day 3, then mixed with increasing amounts of food or self-mixer of secondary waste. Mixing medicines of coccidiosis in food from day 7 onwards, use Rigecoccin at 1 gr/10 kg food dose (or mix Sulfamid at ratio of 5%). Replace the lining paper of the cage and put the clean everyday.

Wash the trough, drinking trough, observe the status of the chicken, if you see any upset, moody, you should separate it immediately for mornitoring.

Use a 75W light bulb for 1m2 of shielded cage to keep warm, depending on the weather to adjust the heat by raising or lowering the height of the bulb.

Observed if the chickens gather around the bulbs, they are cold; if they avoid the light bulb, they are hot; if they gather in the corner, they are being draughty and if they eat and walk normally, the proper temperature. Lit throughout the night for chicken in the period to beware of mouse, cat and make chickens to eat more food.

Frequently observed manifestation of chickens in order to handle the unexpected happens. Chicken should be drunk water containing electrolyte or vitamin C when the weather changes.

chickens often eat and drink at the same time according to their behavior, therefore troughs and water troughs should be placed next to each other to provide enough water for the chickens and restricted chicken to drink dirty water in the garden.

If chickens are raised for meat, do not cut mine. For laying hens, to reduce the biting or pecking should cut mine (just cut the horns of mine) at week 6 or 7

Notice: chickens of different sizes should not raise them together in a cage, before raising a new round should disinfect all cages and tools.

4. Food for chicken:

Chicken is one of the sensitive animals, absolutely not use rancid foods , fungal infected foods, rotting foods for chickens.

industry foods or waste products of industrial -agriculture can be used for chicken feed but make sure the components: Energy, protein, minerals and vitamine. Controlling food intake and ensure food quality with reserve chicken to prevent being fat leads to decreased egg production.

For pasture chickens: mineral and vitamin problems for pasture chickens are not as important as chickens are raised in cages because they will automatically search for the body's needs.

After finished the period of baby chicken, the chicken can eat more vegetables. Earthworm and the worm are abundant supply of protein for chickens.

- Chicken should drink water, eat corn puree or broken rice at first. To stimulate the appetite of the chicken and keep the food is always delicious, the food should be sprayed once a little.

- Training for chicken to familiarize with the industry food into the next day. Should eat more meals a day, free food.

If use suspended trough, it should be regularly constantly monitored and adjusted the height of the trough for chickens to eat easilly and reduce food spillage.

Water must be clean and adequate. Chickens will die without water faster than a lack of food.

5. Hygiene and disease prevention:

Hygiene and disease prevention are the main issue and assignment and need to ensure clean in eating, living, drinking. Cages and gardens have always dry, clean and free of stagnant water in the garden.

Strict compliance with vaccination schedule depending on locality. In addition, it’s need to use some antibiotics to prevent bacterial diseases, particularly for pasture chicken, you need to prevent the coccidiosis disease when raising on the foundation or in the garden.
The causes of the diseases

- Young cattle, cattle weakened, susceptible varieties.

- Habitat:

+ animals are susceptible to disease when food is not balanced nutrition

+ The water should be clean

+ Air, temperature ....
Resistance ability

- Each animal had a mechanical barrier to protect itsefl

- Resistance by humans by injecting the prophylaxis vaccine (active resistance).
The hygiene and disease prevention measures:

The hygiene and disease prevention:

- Food is guaranteed

- Clean water

- Breeding animals have the high ability to resist with disease.

- Clean cages

- Must be cleared around the cages

- Good implementation process of veterinary in hygiene and disease prevention

Vaccine prophylaxis:

Some notices:

- Only when the poultry is in a healthy state

- Shake well the vaccine before and during use

- The opened vaccine uses only during the day, if not, they must be cancel.

- Use vitamine to improve for the poultry

Medicine prophylaxis:

- For gastrointestinal diseases: Oxyteracilin, chloramphenicol...

- For respiratory diseases: Tylosin, Tiamulin,...

- Do not use one kind of antibiotic in a row of the treatment processes. 3-4 days are enough for each course of disease prevention

Feng Shui Application In Arranging The Workplace

In many family, workplace is not usually emphasized. People can work anywhere, in bedrooms, living room, even at the dining room. But actually, workplace, workroom is the factor that directly influencing to the success or failure of you. 

It is very important to streamline your desk both at home and at work. According to Feng Shui, your workplace should be designed and arranged in a neat and tidy. It will help you advance in your career. 

Your computer should be placed on the right side of the table, towards the West or Northwest. These positions support the thinking and perception. 

The records, documents need to be addressed immediately should be placed in the east. 
Desk lamps should be located in the south. You will be issued on the recognition or praise. 
You should set a paperweight made of glass or crystal in northwest. It will help you get the help of many people. 
Cards of business partners should be placed in the north. Your work will get more favorable and luck. 
Desks should always be neatly to let air flow easily. Books, papers should not be much dust. 

Do not turn away from the door, desks should be set in place that can clearly see the aisles. Seat facing the door will make you feel completely confident. You will always dominate and control the job and not be startled. 

Desks should be placed so that when you sit, your back don’t turn away from door. This will make you lose concentration when working. If your desk set straight towards the door, you will always be the first to be asked to perform the assigned tasks, you’d better to place the table with slightly deflected doors. 

You should place a table in a position that could clearly see the aisles. The aisles in the room should be clearly visible from where you sit so you can identify everyone entering your workplace. You will feel effusive and easy to work with people. 

You should put lamps on the left hand side (if you're right handed) and vice versa (if you're left handed), to avoid blocking light when working. You should not work only with fluorescent lights on the ceiling (Ghost phenomena). 

Let others see your desk can be a good place to communicate. It is the place to exchange ideas, discuss work processes, interpretation, presentation, thus, it will bring many benefits to you. Depending on the nature of work that you should choose the layout according to The five basic elements: Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, Earth. 
Your desk should be able to stimulate the five senses. People live in society have developed the ability to receive information over thousands of years ago. If isolated, the senses will be weakened gradually, therefore, besides the necessary information and color, you should make your office able to receive the kind of sound, smells and feelings, to listen, to smell and to feel in order to meet the needs of the senses in a scientific . 

You should create a clean and airy workplace because things are not neatly arranged will affect the behavior and disorders while working and more important as it will make you lose focus. Therefore, you should clean up and remove unnecessary items. 

You should arrange some more trees to clear the air. Fresh air is what a lot of office work can not be. Toxic gas released from plastics, ink or other materials will be mixed in the air you breathe. Therefore, green will help you improve the air. 

Please remove (if possible) the stationery ones that have rust or dust because they have not been used long. You should rearrange your workplace, you will get innovation. You can change the location of the waste basket or rearrange the items on your desk. 

Just a little change to apply the principles of Feng Shui for the arrangement of your workplace, you'll see the difference. 

Wish you success!!

Feng Shui For The Decoration And Arrangement In The Workplace

In modern society, when human life is improved, people are not only pay much attention to the interior of the house but also particularly interested in how the office has arranged following the manner of ancient Chinese in order to expect for the work to get the sustainable development.

The position of the desk 

According to Feng Shui, the direction of the desk have to look toward the main door but should not face the door, so you will always lucid, intelligent and achieve high efficiency at work. This layout is appropriate only when it is your own room and there are no windows behind your desk.

Behind you must have fulcrum. According to Feng Shui for the decoration and arrangement in the workplace, walls are equivalent to the mountains. This arrangement will help you get more help from those who have power, help you be friendly with colleagues and staffs, help your career advancement. Thus, in any case, you should not place the desk in the direction that you sit facing a wall.

The direction of the desk should not be straight to the door. According to Feng Shui, this is not good, it will cause people to be distracted, depressed, or made a mistake lead to low performance and many opponents among colleagues.

You should not turn your backs to the door, this mean a lack of fulcrum. This might make you not meet the enthusiasm in the process of communication, not superior attention, not be subordinate in respect during working, the efforts only achieve half.

You should not place the desk in the center of the room. According to Feng Shui, there is no fulcrum in all 4 directions. You will always be in a state of isolation, do not receive the support in spirit and career, you will always lack the wisdom in all things at the office and susceptible to mistakes.

Method of layout objects

According to Feng Shui, you should place some favorable things in your workplace to increase vatality, help people be healthy, lucid mind and to facilitate development work. Therefore, you can place decorative plants, trees with large leaves and avoid placing trees with thorns. If possible, you should place the cane – pot in front of your room, according to Feng Shui, cane is the plant helps to attract fortune and increase vitality.

You should set a column of glass on the desk. Its nature is to gather energy in the space to a point, it will help to enhance your thinking. You should also put a pyramid at the four corners of the desk, they could be made from wood or glass. It would be very beneficial for learning, improving yourself, make you brilliant and lucid.

If you often have to travel, you should set on the desk a small pair of bronze horse. According to Feng Shui, doing so will make all your trips more convenient, the traveler will be healthy. If you do brokerage as a lawyer, actor.... you should set a small pair of stone lion in your room to create power and help create a fortune.

If you do the research, writing too much, you should hang pictures of scientists. If you are a manager, you should hang pictures of leaders and the predecessors who are the genius leader. If you are a businessman, you should hang pictures of the famous successful businessman in the world. Pictures should have bright colors and expressions success. Avoid hanging paintings are works of art have cool colors, paintings contain abstract, the picture painted by surrealist school, the sad picture of the scene.

Just a little change to apply the principles of Feng Shui for the arrangement of your workplace, you'll see the difference.

Wish you success!!